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Though not a forest tree, it generally grows wild. It grows on a variety of soils sandy to clayey to black cotton soils. Identified by imparipinnate shinning deeply serrate leaves. Neem does best where drainage is good and where sub - soil water level is fairly high.
Morphology of the Fruit/Seed : Drupe 1 to 2 cms long, 1-celled, 1-seeded, greenish yellow when ripe. Seeds profusely even from an early age.
Seed Collection and Storage : Seed Collection from the trees when fully ripe or are swept from the floor under the trees. The pulp is washed off, dried in shade and kept in air tight tin boxes. The seeds do not store well and the viability falls after two weeks.
Pretreatment : Not required.
Nursery Technique : Depulped, dried seeds are sown in raised nursery beds in lines, 15 to 20 cms a part, seeds 2.5 to 5.0 cms a part in the line and 1 cm deep. Seedlings of 7 to 10 cms tall are produced in 2 to 3 months but are usually pricked out to polythene bags where they are retained for 1 to 2 years.
|No.of fruits per kg.||No. of seeds per Kg.||Germination percentage||Plant percent||No.of seedlings per Kg. of seed||Germination period in days||-|
|2000 to 3000||4500||70 to 90||20 to 60||900 to 2700||150||7 to 21|