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Found in the forests throughout the state. Identified by rigid coriaceous leaves with straight parallel lateral veins and strong spines on the bark of young stems. It is a drought hardy species, produces rootsuckers and a good coppicer.
Morphology of the Fruit/Seed : Fruit is globose, fleshy sweetish drupe, about the size of a pea, purple-black, seated on a hard enlarged calyx. 1 or 2 seeds with fairly thick bony shells. The seeds have brownish papery testa.
Seed Collection and Storage : Fruits are plucked from the tree in December and heaped to rot for 2 to 3 days and then washed to remove the pulp. Then the pyrene (seed) is dried. Seeds do not store well.
Pretreatment : Soaking the seeds in cold water for 24 hours.
Nursery Technique : Seeds can be sown in bigger polybags (because ofthe fast growth of the tap root) in January and watered regularly. Shade is necessary. Germination commences after 10 to 12 days. The growth of the seedlings is somewhat slow (5 to 8 cm in the first season).
|No. of seeds per Kg.||Germination percentage||Plant percent||No. of seedlings per Kg. of seed|
|16,000 to 17,000||75||60||9,500 to 10,000|