|Family||Leguminosae - Papilionioideae|
|Common Name||Ponga oil plant|
|Fruiting||Pods ripen from February to May.|
Widely occurs in the State and commonly planted species because of its wide adaptability. It grows best in fairly moist situations on porous and well drained soil; thriving even on pure sand and black cotton soil. Identified by greyish bark, imparipinnate shinning leaves and pinkish white flowers. It is an excellent coppicer and produces root suckers.
Morphology of the Fruit/Seed : Pods 4 to 5 cms by 1.5 to 2.5 cms in size, pointed at both the ends; yellowish-grey when ripe. 1 or 2 seeded, seed 1.8 to 2 cms long, compressed, elliptical or reniform, wrinkled, reddish brown.
Seed Collection and Storage : Pods are collected from April to June, thrashed to separate the seeds and dried before storage. Pods should be stored without breaking when they are to be stored for a year. Seeds remain viable for a year at least.
Pretreatment : Cold water treatment for 24 hours.
Nursery Technique : Sowing is done in polypots in July to August. Or, small seedlings from the primary beds can be pricked to the polybags. Germination starts within 10 days.
Flowering : White and purple flowers in axillary racemes appear in April to July.
|No. of dry pods per Kg.||No. of dry seeds per Kg.||Germination percentage||Germination period in days|
|460 to 530||810 to 1410||60 to 89||10 to 60|