|Telugu Name||Gumpini, Gumpena|
|Flowering||Flowers in numerous spikes in February - April.|
It is a very common tree both in the moist and dry deciduous forest of Andhra Pradesh. It is a light demander, drought resistant, good coppicer, non-browsable and fire-resistant species. It comes up in a variety of soils including B.C. soil of the trap. It thrives best on deep porous loam but does not stand waterlogging.
Morphology of the Fruit/Seed : Drupe, 1.3 to 1.5 cms long, curved on the ventral face, oblong, smooth, dull red or pink with a thin fleshy red epicarp and a large stone seated on an enlarged calyx. Stone irregularly pitted.
Seed Collection and Storage : Collection in May - June, dispersal is mainly by birds, looses viability early.
Pretreatment : Overnight soaking in cold water.
Nursery Technique : The plantations can be raised by direct sowing of seed, polypot seedlings and stump plantings. Fresh seeds are sown in bags in June, covered by a layer of hay. Shade is necessary. Germination is seen after 10 to 12 days. One year old seedlings is planted. Stump planting (stumps of 25 cms long) can also be done.
Fruiting : Berries appear only on female branches of the trees in May - July and persist for long time.
|No. of seeds per Kg.||Germination percentage||Plant percent||No. of seedlings per Kg. of seed||Period for germination in days|
|6000 to 10,000||45 to 65||15||1300 to 1350||10 to 25|