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Often found wild in the forests but very commonly grown in households. It grows on a variety of soils but prefers alluvial soils with sufficient moisture. It is identified by thick, corky and deeply fissured bark and tripinnate leaf.
Morphology of the Fruit/Seed : Capsule 10 to 20 cms long: seeds 3 corned and about 2 to 3 cms long including the wings.
Seed Collection and Storage : Pods are collected in May-June, dried in the sun, thrashed and winnowed to separate the clean seeds which are dried and kept in air-tight container. Seeds lose viability considerably during the first year of storage.
Pretreatment : Not required.
Nursery Technique : Sunken beds alternated by irrigated channels are made after working the soil. Sowing is done in June in lines, 20 cms a part and the spacing between the seeds is 2 cms and depth is 1 cm. On completion of germination, the seedlings are spaced about 10 cms in lines. One year old seedling is planted out. Large branch cuttings are also used.
Flowering : The fragrant, whitish flowers in numerous panicles appear in January to March.
|No. of seeds per Kg.||Germination percentage||Period of germination days|
|8000 to 9000||60 to 70||8 to 10|