|Family||Leguminosae - Mimosoideae|
|Common Name||Madras thorn, Manila tamarind|
|Fruiting||Fruits ripen in March to May.|
This tree is indigenous to hot regions of Mexico and Central America and now has been naturalised in India. It grows on a variety of soils. It is identified by grey lenticelled stem, and bipinnate leaf (pinnae and leaflets each one pair).
Morphology of the Fruit/Seed : Pods 10 to 15 cms long and 1.2 cms thick, turgid, moniliform, coiled during development, pale green. Seeds 5 to 9, shining black, 2 cms long, embedded in thick pinkish pulp.
Seed Collection and Storage : The ripe pods are collected, dried in sun and thrashed to get the seeds. Seeds do not store well and hence fresh seeds are sown.
Pretreatment : Not required.
Nursery Technique : Fresh seeds are sown in polybags in April and germination is noticed within 7 to 10 days. The growth of the seedlings is fast. In July-August, the seedlings can be planted out in the field.
Flowering : Flowers in small globose sessile on short pedunculate heads, arranged in a long panicled racemes appear in January to March.
|No. of seeds per Kg.||Germination percentage||Plant percent||No. of seedlings per Kg. of seed|